MATTHEW Author: Matthew
Matthew was a disciple of Jesus and a former publican
|MARK Author: Mark|
Mark is described as the son of a woman named Mary
( Mark 12:12), and a cousin of Paul's missionary companion Barnabas (Col. 4:10). Mark begins his Gospel by introducing John the Baptist as the herald of the Messiah. He demonstrated that Jesus is the Son of God by the works He accomplished during His brief say on earth. In the King James Version all but four of the sixteen chapters of Mark begin with the word "and" illustrating how Christ's life and service are a complete, perfect whole. The word "and" is said to appear 1,375 times in this short book. Mark is the shortest of all the Gospels, and very little is found here that is not in the other gospels. It is the first of the of our Gospels to be written. Mark, who depicts Jesus as a man of action, records twenty of Jesus's miracles in detail, but only four parables.
|LUKE Author: Luke|
Luke was a Gentile physician, and sometime companion of Paul (Acts 16:10-24; 2
Tim. 4: 11; Col. 4: 14). It is obvious from his writings that he was an educated
man, with a wide cultural background. Scholars believe he wrote for Greek
readers. Thus, writing for Gentiles, he traces Christ's ancestry back to
Adam, the father of the race. Matthew, writing for Jew, traces it back to
Abraham. Luke, the longest of the Gospels, gives the longest account of
Jesus and the only one of His childhood, including His visit to the Temple at
the age of 12. Only he records the visit of the shepherds at His
birth. Luke's portrayal of Jesus as one with humanity, sympathetic to
human needs, is in keeping with Paul's description of him as "the beloved
physician" (Col. 4:14). Thus he relates the stories of the good
Samaritan (Luke 10: 33); the publican (chapter 18:13); the prodigal (chapter 15:
11-24); Zacchaeus (chapter 19:2); and the thief on the cross (chapter
23:43). He alone tells of Jesus' beholding the city of Jerusalem and
weeping over it, of His bloody sweat in Gethsemane, and His showing mercy to the
dying thief on the cross.
|JOHN Author: John|
John, a Galilean from Bethsaida, on the Sea of Galilee, was the youngest of
Jesus' disciples. His Gospel, written when he was very old, toward the
close of the first century, is quite different from the others. One reason
for this is that he describes Jesus' Judean ministry, whereas the other writers
deal with His Galilean. John begins his book by turning our minds to
"the beginning" of Creation, and portrays Jesus as God, before all
things, the Creator of all, who "was made flesh, and dwelt among
us." The key word is believe, which appears in the book almost 100
times. The key text is chapter 20:31. The purpose of the book is to
lead men to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God. John
alone relates the story of Christ's first miracle at Cana, the interview with
Nicodemus, the raising of Lazarus, His commending His mother to the care of John
at the cross, and the triumphant shout, "It is finished."
|ACTS Author: Luke|
The book covers approximately the years A.D. 31-63. It begins with the ascension of Jesus and then relates something of the growth of Christianity in Palestine and near by countries. An important element of Acts is that it describes how the gospel broke through the exclusiveness of Judaism and spread to the Gentile world. More than thirty times the word "witness" is used. The name of the Holy Sprit is used seventy times, and although the book is called the Acts of the Apostles, we rather see for the most part the Holy Sprit working through Peter and Paul and their companions.
|ROMANS Author: Paul|
This letter of Paul is the longest and probably the most influential of all his
writings. It was penned at Corinth, possibly during the winter of A.D.
57-58. All men are sinners, in a hopeless situation, unable to do
righteously, but that the grace of God provides for the pardon and perfecting of
all is the apostle's theme. This is made possible through faith in Jesus
Christ. The first part of the book tells what God did for us, and the last part, what we
should do for God and our fellow men.
|1 CORINTHIANS Author: Paul|
Paul wrote this letter to the church of Corinth in the spring of 57 from
Ephesus, where he spent 3 years. At this time Corinth was perhaps the most
important city in all of Greece, noted for its wealth, trade, luxury, and
licentiousness. Its principal deity was Aphrodite, the goddess of sensual
love. First Corinthians has two themes: rebuke for contentiousness and
immorality, and the clarification of questions asked by the Corinthian
believers. After rebuking the Christian believers for a party spirit and
immorality, Paul goes on to discuss such questions as food sacrificed to idols,
the deportment of women in church, the celebration of the Lord's Supper,
tongues, and the resurrection.
|2 CORINTHIANS Author: Paul|
Because Paul's first letter to the Corinthian believers was well received by the
majority of them, he wrote the second letter. The theme of the first seven
chapters is mainly thankfulness for the reception of his previous letter,
coupled with a defense of his apostleship. In chapter 8 and 9 he urges the
Corinthian Christians to fulfill their obligations by helping the poor
Christians at Jerusalem, an obligation they had neglected. In the final
chapters he writes to the minority who had not accepted his rebuke in his first
letter, and appeals to them to repent.
|GALATIANS Author: Paul|
The date of the writing of this Epistle is uncertain: It has been dated as
early as A. D. 45; it may have been written during the same winter Paul wrote
Romans (A. D. 57-58). The Epistle's theme is very similar to Romans:
righteousness by faith in Jesus Christ. The treatment of the subject
centers on the insistence of certain Judaizers that the keeping of prescribed
requirements of Judaism-"works"-is necessary for salvation. Paul
firmly repudiates their teaching by insisting that works do not justify a man -
only faith in Christ. In fact, trusting in "works of the
law" makes the operation of grace impossible.
|EPHESIANS Author: Paul|
This letter, written about A. D. 62, is one of the 4 the apostle Paul wrote in prison. Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon are the others. In this Epistle Paul writes of the church as the body of Christ: and he calls for Christian unity: for the individual believer to be united to Christ, and for the Jew and Gentile to be one in Christ. And he descries the gifts of the Spirit as intended to bring unity. The last part of the Epistle is an exhortation for reformation of life, and a discussion of home relationships.
|PHILIPPIANS Author: Paul|
This letter was written by Paul, during his first imprisonment, to the first
church founded in Europe. A vision in which he was invited to "come
over in to Macedonia, and help us," brought Paul to Philippi. This
letter gives us information about Paul's situation during his Roman
imprisonment, as well as of his relationship to the Philippian church. The
words joy in Christ may well describe the theme of the book; the words
"joy" or "rejoice"
are used many times. In this letter Paul expresses his gratitude for the
love of the Philippians and their gifts to him.
|COLOSSIANS Author: Paul|
This Epistle was also written during Paul's imprisonment in Rome. The
Colossian church is infected with the false teachings of Judaistic legalism, as
was the Galatian. In addition, pagan elements, as such as angel
intermediaries, angel worship and "will worship," are being taught by
some. Paul presents Christ as the true Mediator who only is the "hope
of glory." Though these letters are similar in style, the emphasis in
each is very different.
|1 THESSALONIANS Author: Paul|
During his second missionary journey Paul, accompanied by Timothy and Silas,
preached three Sabbath days at Thessalonica, and during that time he founded
this church. Then he went on to Berea, Athens, and Corinth. Timothy
followed him later, and it was as a result of Timothy' report that the letter
was written. In the letter Paul commends the Thessalonians for their
faith, love, and hope, and goes on to correct misunderstandings that had arisen
regarding the resurrection and the manner of Christ's second coming. he
also deals with future rewards and punishment and the doctrine of redemption.
|2 THESSALONIANS Author: Paul|
It is probable that Thessalonians was written only a few months after 1
Thessalonians. It seeks to correct further misunderstandings that had
arisen, apparently as a result of his first Epistle. Certain emphasis by
Paul seems to have given some the impression the Second Coming was
imminent. Therefore the apostle prophesies of events to take place before
|1 TIMOTHY Author: Paul|
First and second Timothy, with Titus, are called the Pastoral Epistles because they deal with the duty of ministers to their churches. Timothy, a young Greek-Jewish convert of Paul's, had accompanied the apostle on some of his travels. At the time the Epistles were written he was pastor of the important Ephesus church. This Epistle, with 2 Timothy, may be regarded as a handbook for Christian pastors and ministers. In this Epistle Paul unfolds plans for church organization and development, and emphasizes the need for sound doctrine.
|2 TIMOTHY Author: Paul|
This, so far as we know, is Paul's last letter before his execution. It was penned in a Roman prison to his "dearly beloved son," Timothy, following his final arrest, apparently somewhere in Greece. In the Epistle Paul writes of his work's being "finished" and of his expectation of death. But, forgetting himself, he seeks, to strengthen Timothy and to give him final counsel regarding his ministry. He also warns him of perilous days ahead, and exhorts him to follow the example Paul himself had set.
|TITUS Author: Paul|
Written to Titus, a Gentile convert of Paul's, while Titus was organizing
the Christian church on the island of Crete. Earlier Paul had given Titus
the difficult task of setting the differences at Corinth, and in the second
letter to the Corinthians we learn how successful he was in this
mission. Seventeen years after Paul's conversion Titus accompanied
him and Barnabas to Jerusalem. As in the letters to Timothy, this letter
discusses in a practical way the everyday problems confronted by a young
minister. It is thought to have been written between the two letter to
Timothy. Paul tells Titus the qualifications of church officers (Titus
1:6-9), talks to him of the aged (chapter 2:2,3), the youth (verses 4-6), the
slaves (verses 9, 10), and how to live a Christian life.
|PHILEMON Author: Paul|
This, the shortest of all Paul's letters, is addressed to Philemon, a Christian living in Colossae. It was written on behalf of Onesimus, Philemon's slaves, who had run away, and had met Paul. Converted and repentant, he returns to his master with this letter from Paul. In the letter Paul entreats Philemon to receive Onesimus back as a brother in Christ. He makes himself responsible for the debts that he might own, asking that they be charged to his (Paul's ) account.
|HEBREWS Author: Paul|
This book has been called the fifth Gospel. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John describe Christ's ministry on earth; Hebrews describes His ministry in heaven. The theme of the book is Christ's perfect sacrifices for the sins of the world-His ministry as high priest, representing us to His Father. Its message is structured around a comparison and contrast with the Old Testament symbols and their fulfillment in Christ. This book shows that we must have Old Testament to understand the New, and the New Testament to understand the Old.
|JAMES Author: James|
The author of this letter introduces himself as "James, a servant of God
and of the Lord Jesus Christ. "There are three men in the New Testament who
bore this name, one of whom was the brother of our Lord. But it is not
possible to discover with certainty which of the three wrote this Epistle.
This book, addressed "to the twelve tribes...scattered abroad," is
the most Jewish in style and form of any of the New Testament books.
It is sometimes referred to as the Proverbs of the New Testament because of its
practical guide to Christian living and conduct. It points out that works,
and not words, are the mark of a disciple. While Paul deals with the
source of our faith, James speaks of the fruits of it. Throughout the
letter a contrast is made between the manifestations of the true and false
|1 PETER Author: Peter|
This Epistle was written by Peter toward the end of his life, probably in the
middle sixties A. D. The contents of the book reflect a time of trial and
suffering, and it was probably written during the widespread persecution of the
Christians by the Roman authorities under the cruel Emperor Nero. Peter
admonishes the readers of this book to a life of purity and godly living,
exhorting them to be faithful and steadfast. He seeks to encourage his
readers in the face of persecution. Consequently he uses the term joy and
glory more than a score of times, and refers to hope several times. Peter
knew from experience what trials and suffering meant, but he gives a formula for
happiness in a world that is wretched and evil. In the fifth chapter he
tells his readers to cast all their cares upon God, for He cares for them.
|1 JOHN Author: John|
The three Epistles of John were written by the apostle John, the writer of the
fourth Gospel. They are thought to be dated A. D. 90-95, when John
was quite old. The theme of the Epistle, characteristic of John, is
love. The concept is used in some way in the letter more than two dozen
times. In the letter John seeks to combat heresies that were
troubling the church, especially Gnosticism. The adherents of this heresy
clamed to have special knowledge. John writes of the true knowledge.
|2 JOHN Author: John|
This is a personal letter addressed to an "elect lady and her
children." It is the only one in the bible addressed specifically to
a woman. The word truth is found 5 times in the 13 verses of this book,
and love, 4 times. John points out that the test of our love is whether we
keep God's commandments.
|3 JOHN Author: John|
Written to counter schismatic tendencies on the part of one Diotrephes, this
letter was sent by John to an elder named Gaius. While he writes with
firmness, nevertheless the affectionate spirit of the beloved apostle shows
|JUDE Author: Jude|
This short letter was written by Jude, believed to be a brother of Jesus.
He warns against the dangers of apostasy and urges his readers to defend the
faith courageously. His letter is very similar to 2 Peter.
|REVELATION Author: John|
This last book of the Bible was penned by John, the author of the fourth Gospel
and the 3 Epistles of John. Revelation is the only book in the New
Testament that is essentially all prophecy. Its theme is the unfolding of
the future events related to the church and the world, ending in the triumph of
our Lord. These revelations are given to John through Jesus, who received
them from the Father
(chapter 1:1). by one estimate, there are 300 symbols
used in Revelation, each with a definite meaning.
Jesus is referred to as a lamb, referring to His sacrifice
for His people, more than 25 times.
|The Old Testament|
Eternal heartfelt thanks to Mrs. Phyllis Bailey for putting her
love for God and two of her hobbies-reading and filing- to good use.